Quantcast
Channel: MovePH
People Here Also Viewed:

MovePH fact-checking webinar: Combat disinformation in the 2022 elections

0
0

With the 2022 elections coming fast, have you encountered a false claim about a certain politician in the past few days? Maybe it was shared by one of your friends in the Facebook timeline?

This election cycle is very different from the past ones. Aside from candidates campaigning online for their desired positions, a global pandemic is still ravaging the streets and there is no end in sight. 

Along with disinformation in the COVID-19 pandemic, unverified reports and misleading posts in political discourse can also spread like wildfire especially during the election season. This is something we have experienced and learned from in the past elections.

With people being locked up inside their homes, most campaign efforts are now done virtually. This unprecedented increase in media technology use also puts more people vulnerable to the abuse and manipulation online.

Now, our battle against disinformation has become more critical. The online world has become the crucial battleground for fighting election-related disinformation and black propaganda. 

Dubious claims, unverified reports, and outright false information abound cyberspace. On top of that, social media trolls in overdrive have made it harder for people to discern what’s right from what’s wrong.

With disinformation for both COVID-19 and the upcoming elections, the need for Filipinos to become media literate has become more urgent. Being online-savvy and being able to detect false information has now become a social responsibility for Filipinos. 

But how can Filipinos help determine what’s true in an online landscape replete with disinformation?

MovePH, Rappler’s civic engagement arm has been leading a series of fact-checking webinars aimed at training participants to spot disinformation online and combat it. 

During the webinar, Raisa Serafica, Rappler’s head of civic engagement, and Gemma Bagayaua-Mendoza, Rappler’s head of digital strategy, will tackle disinformation, fact-checking, and the 2022 elections. Rappler’s researcher/writer Vernise Tantuco will discuss the fact-checking methodology. There will also be a Q&A session and a spot-check exercise.

More than 10,900 participants from all regions of the country and even abroad joined the first 40 sessions of the webinar since it began on April 3, 2020.

Some of these sessions were co-hosted by various academic institutions, youth organizations, and local groups. Interested participants may join any of the upcoming co-hosted fact-checking webinar sessions:

Schools, organizations, and other groups interested in co-hosting an exclusive webinar with MovePH for their community may send an email to move.ph@rappler.com. – Rappler.com


#CourageON: The shrinking spaces for indigenous women in PH

0
0

Indigenous peoples in the Philippines have long been fighting to keep their culture and community alive.

Although they should be protected by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act, many face threats and harassment, with others being displaced due to development projects on their ancestral lands. Lumad schools have also dwindled, shut down by the Department of Education, and targeted in a military vilification campaign that claimed these were being used as training centers for New People’s Army (NPA) communist rebels.

These struggles were exacerbated by the pandemic, as indigenous communities struggled to access government services, and maintain their livelihoods. These were especially felt by indigenous women, who already face their own unique struggles on top of these.

As October marks National Indigenous Peoples Month, we take this opportunity to hear the stories and experiences of indigenous women. What are the unique challenges that indigenous women face during the pandemic? What can we do to provide more support to them?

In the seventh episode of the “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show, we answer these and more with indigenous women from different parts of the Philippines and indigenous peoples’ rights advocates.

The community show, organized by Rappler’s civic engagement arm MovePH in partnership with Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, aims to put the spotlight on pressing issues in the Philippines and the ways we can take collective action on them. This episode is co-organized by LILAK (Purple Action for Indigenous Women’s Rights). 

Titled “#CourageON: The shrinking spaces for indigenous women in the Philippines,” the seventh episode of the community show features panel discussions with indigenous women and indigenous peoples’ rights advocates. It discusses struggles on the ground and possible ways we can help provide more opportunities for indigenous women to grow their skills and protect their rights.

The episode goes live on October 30, Saturday, at 3 pm. Participants can join the live session on Zoom by registering here:

The show features two segments:

SEGMENT ONE: The plight of indigenous women
SEGMENT TWO: What we can do moving forward

This will be hosted by Rappler’s community lead Jules Guiang and Rappler’s membership lead Happy Feraren.

Check out the other episodes of the “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show here:

– Rappler.com

#BreakTheTrend: Sagot sa atake sa Rappler tungkol sa pekeng degree ni Bongbong Marcos

0
0

Kumusta ka? Kakaiba na ang ingay ng social media ngayon, ’no? Marahil dahil nagsimula na ang pagmobilisa para sa darating na 2022 elections. Hindi naman ito nakakagulat, pero hindi ibig sabihin ay palalampasin lang natin ang online attacks na ating nakikita. Sa lingguhang artikulong ito, ililista namin ang ilang trending online attacks, at magmumungkahi rin kami ng mga maaari ninyong gawin para banggain ang mga pag-atakeng ito.

Aba, lalayo pa ba tayo? Madaling araw ng October 23 ay trending ang #RapplerFakeNews sa Twitter. 

NAG-TREND ang hashtag na ito gamit ng Twitter accounts na umaatake sa Rappler dahil sa imbestigasyon namin sa pagsisinungaling ni Bongbong Marcos tungkol sa umano’y degree niya mula sa Oxford University, at sa pangungutya ng isang broadcaster tungkol sa Nobel Peace Prize ni Rappler CEO Maria Ressa.

May tatlong dahilan: 

Pangungutya ni Anthony Taberna kay Maria Ressa

Sa Instagram Live ni Anthony Taberna na naka-post din sa Twitter mula kay user @acho_gerald, pakutyang binati ng broadcaster co-founder at CEO ng Rappler na si Maria Ressa sa pagkatanggap nito ng Nobel Peace Prize. Karapat-dapat umanong makuha ni Ressa ang Nobel dahil maaaring ang isa sa basehan ng prestihiyosong award ay ang pagkakaroon ng galit kay Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte at ang pagpapakalat ng kasinungalingan tungkol sa Filipinas. 

  • #BreakTheTrend:“Speaking truth to power” – ang sitahin ang nasa kapangyarihan sa ngalan ng katotohanan at katarungan – ang isa sa mga misyon at katungkulan ng mga taga-Rappler. Hindi kasinungalingan ang mga balitang nagsisiwalat ng pang-aabuso, pagmamalabis, katiwalian, at mga mali sa gobyerno. Layunin ng mga ito na panagutin ang may kapangyarihan, at itama ang kanilang pamamahala. ipaalam sa mga tao ang mga dapat ituwid. Kung matatandaan sa isang interview ni Ressa kay Duterte noong 2016, si Duterte pa mismo ang nanghimok sa mga Filipino na magsalita para isiwalat ang mga baluktot sa ating sistema. Sumunod lang naman ang Rappler, pero bakit parang kasalanan namin?
Pagsupalpal ng Oxford Philippines Society kay Bongbong Marcos

Nang maglabas ng opisyal na pahayag ang Oxford Philippines Society tungkol sa pekeng college degree ni Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., isa sa pinagkuhanan nila ng impormasyon ay ang artikulo ng Rappler noong 2015. Dahil dito, pinalalabas ng mga sumusuporta kay Marcos Jr. na walang kredibilidad ang Oxford Philippines Society. Umabot pa nga sa punto na kinuwestiyon nila ang komposisyon ng mga miyembro ng organisasyon. Ang totoo, ang Oxford Philippines Society ay samahan ng mga Filipinong nag-aaral sa Oxford University – ang website nila ay extension ng official na domain ng unibersidad. 

  • #BreakTheTrend: 2015 pa lamang ay isiniwalat na ni Marites Vitug sa kanyang investigative report na hindi nakapagtapos si Ferdinand Marcos Jr. sa Oxford University. Kinumpirma ito ng spokesperson ng Oxford na si Clare Woodcock. Totoong nag-enroll si Marcos Jr. sa Oxford, pero hindi siya nakapagtapos. Taliwas ito sa impormasyon na inilagay ni Marcos Jr. sa kanyang profile page sa opisyal na website ng Senado. Ang isyu ay hindi kung nakapagtapos ng pag-aaral o hindi ang isang kandidato. Ang isyu ay ang pagsisinungaling sa taumbayan tungkol dito. Kung ang school credentials pa lang ay pinapalitan na, paano pa kaya mga tala ng kasaysayan tungkol sa pang-aabuso at pagnanakaw ng rehimeng Marcos? 
EduRank: Kabilang sa 100 Notable Alumni ng Oxford si Marcos Jr. 

Naglipana sa social media ang impormasyon mula sa EduRank na kabilang sa 100 Notable Alumni ng Oxford si Marcos Jr. Dahil itinuturing ng listahan na alumnus ang anak ng yumaong diktador, isinasampal ito ng ilang netizens sa Rappler – ibig sabihin daw ay fake news ang imbestigasyon namin 2015. 

  • #BreakTheTrend: Ano nga ba muna ang EduRank? Ayon sa NetNatives, “EduRank ranks the performance metrics of universities’ website and social media profiles (including Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, LinkedIn and more) to enable marketing teams to identify great digital activity, highlight areas for improvement, and benchmark their activity against their competitors.” 
  • Nag-email pa mismo sa EduRank ang Facebook user na si Israelbelle Ferolino para itanong ang kanilang naging proseso. Ayon sa EduRank.org team, ang “alumni” ay hindi nangangahulugang “graduate” ng isang unibersidad. Totoo naman – kahit ang mga diksiyonaryo ay nagsasabing basta nakapasok ka sa isang paaralan, kahit hindi ka nakapagtapos, ay tatawagin kang alumnus. 
  • Dagdag pa ng EduRank, ang listahan nila ng notable alumni ay nakabase sa kasikatan ng Wikipedia profiles ng mga “alumni.” So, notable naman pala kasi…sa Wikipedia. Uulitin ko, karapatan ng bawat Filipino na tumakbo bilang pangulo, pero sana hindi nagsisinungaling, ’di ba?
#BreakTheTrend Challenge

Siyempre, we can only do so much. Kakaunti lang kami sa Rappler na maaaring mag-fact-check. Kaya naman, may magagawa ka rin kung nais mong ipa-fact-check ang ilang kahina-hinalang mga post sa social media. Suriin nang mabuti ang mga nakikitang trending. Kanino o saan galing ang impormasyon? Nasuri ba nila ang impormasyon bago ito i-post? Maaari rin kayong mag-email ng screenshot at link ng mga kahina-hinalang post sa email address na ito: factcheck@rappler.com

Gusto natin lahat ng pagbabago, pero ang pagbabago ay dapat magsimula sa mamamayan. Tayo dapat ang unang magtuwid sa mga kasinungalingang nakikita natin. Hindi dahil trending, maraming likes at shares, ito na ang katotohanan. Walang ibang bersiyon ang katotohanan. Karaniwan itong ayaw marinig at pilit na binabaluktot o binubura ng mga personalidad na gustong magbago ng imahen. Huwag magpabiktima sa disinformation o fake news. #BreakTheTrend. – Rappler.com

#BreakTheTrend: Manipulado at pilit ang #BringBackMarcos

0
0

Kumalat nitong mga nakaraang araw ang #BringBackMarcos sa Twitter. Umabot sa higit sa 150,000 ang tweets na gumamit ng hashtag, kaya nagrereklamo ang mga tagasuporta ng pamilya ng diktador na bakit hindi ibinalita ng midya ang “trending” na ito. 

May dahilan kung bakit hindi itinuring na news worthy ito. Ang maikling paliwanag: may pandaraya sa umano’y pagkalat ng nasabing maka-Marcos na hashtag.

Ipapaliwanag ko:

Nakasanayan nang ibinabalita ng midya ang mga “trending” at “viral” na usapin sa social media. Nang naging viral ang community pantries sa social media, binigyan ito ng news organizations ng karampatang air time o coverage. Nang nag-trend ang #IbalikAngABSCBN, inireport din ito ng mga tagapagbalita. 

Ito ay dahil karamihan sa nagiging viral ay nagpapakita ng tunay na pulso ng masa na mga netizen o ng mga taong may access sa social media.

Manipulado at pilit

Hindi ganito ang kaso ng #BringBackMarcos. Mahirap sabihin na kumakatawan ang trending hashtag na ito sa sigaw ng bayan dahil may pilit at manipulado ang paggamit ng hashtag sa Twitter.

Ipinakita ito ng Twitter user na si Ivan Balingit, na nagbigay-permiso na gamitin ng Rappler ang posts niya sa artikulong ito. 

Tiningnan niya ang mga account na gumamit ng nasabing hashtag, at lumabas na karamihan ng mga ito ay bago at kagagawa lamang ngayong 2021.

Tiningnan niya rin ang mga account na ginawa lamang ngayong 2021, at karamihan ay ginawa lamang ngayong Oktubre at noong Hunyo.

Ikinumpara niya ito sa mga account na gumamit ng #LetLeniLead, at nakita niya ang malaking kaibahan: ang mga ito ay gawa sa iba’t ibang taon, mula 2010 hanggang 2021.

Ano ang ibig sabihin? Ang mga account na nagpakalat ng #BringBackMarcos ay binuo lamang ngayong mag-eeleksiyon para magtulak ng ilusyon na nagte-trend ang pro-Marcos na hashtag. Samantala, ang mga account na gumamit ng #LetLeniLead ay malamang na tunay na account ng mga tunay na taong dati nang sumusuporta sa Bise Presidente.

Pag-isipan: Kung totoong maraming sumusuporta kay Ferdinanad “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., bakit kailangan gumawa ng mga pekeng followers sa social media? 

Sa social media, hindi na bagong balita kung gaano kadali manipulahin ang mga hashtags gamit ang fake accounts at trolls. (READ: Networked propaganda: How the Marcoses are rewriting history)

Sa katunayan, marami nang naisulat ang Rappler kung paano hinahayaan ng Facebook, Youtube, at iba pang mga social media networks ang paglaganap ng disinformation networks sa kanilang platforms. Kadalasan, ginagamit ang disinformation network para magpalaganap ng mga kasinungalingan at binaluktot na kuwento para makapanlinlang ng mga tao.

Ano ang dapat ibalita?

Ang nakakatawa ay ginamit pa ang pekeng trend na ito para atakihin ang mga midya. Hindi raw namin ito ibinalita.

We are in the business of truth-telling. Ang binabalita lang namin ay ang mga bagay na totoo at tunay (true and authentic) – at hindi ganoon ang #BringBackMarcos. 

Kailangang tukuyin natin ang mga ganitong linya – hindi lang dahil malisosyo at nakaangkla ang mga ito sa huwad na impormasyon, gusto rin nilang masira ang tiwala ng publiko sa midya para mawala na ang nagbubunyag ng mga kasinungalingan nila.

Ngayong mag-eeleksiyon, mag-ingat sa mapanghati at huwad na kuwentong katulad nito. Doon lamang tayo sa totoo. #BreakTheTrend. – Rappler.com 

[OPINYON] Paano mo nga ba haharapin ang trolls at fake news?

0
0

Punong-puno ang internet ngayon ng mga maling impormasyon. Makikita mo sila sa nakababahalang posts ng iyong mga kaibigan at kaduda-dudang messages na ipinapadala ng iyong pamilya.

Napakadaling maging biktima ng fake news lalo na kung paulit-ulit mo silang nakakasalubong sa ‘yong newsfeed. Idagdag mo pa kapag mayroon silang napakataas na engagement. Viral e, baká totoo?

Bilang isang mamamahayag-estudyante, isa ito sa aking mga naging pinakamabigat na pasanin – paano nga ba lalabanan ang paglaganap ng fake news at trolls na nagpapalala rito?

Noon, kapag may mga “anti-vaxxers” o taong nagpapakalat ng maling impormasyon laban sa mga bakuna sa loob ng group chats na kinabibilangan ko, dali-dali akong nagli-leave.

Akala ko solusyon ang agarang pag-iwas at pagputol ng koneksyon. Ngunit napag-alaman kong isa pala dapat sa mga una nating hakbang upang magtagumpay ay ang pagkalimot sa pagiging makasarili.

Ang fact checking ay isa uri ng paglilingkod at pag-abot sa mga taong pinipiringan ng kasinungalingan. Hayaan n’yong ibahagi ko ngayon ang ilan sa mga aral na aking natutunan bilang isang volunteer ng fact-checking mentorship program ng Rappler.

Punan ang sarili ng mga bagong kaalaman

Napakalaking tulong ng mga libreng webinar na halos linggo-linggong isinasagawa ng MovePH, ang civic engagement arm ng Rappler.

Dahil sa pagdalo ko sa mga talakayan na ito, nabuksan ang aking isipan sa ilang mga katotahanan gaya na lamang ng kasalukuyang kalagayan ng information ecosystem sa Filipinas at kahalagahan ng pagkakaroon ng inisyatiba sa pagsusuri at pagtatama ng mga impormasyon o fact checking.

Importante na maglaan tayo ng sapat na oras sa pananaliksik, pagbabasa, pakikinig, at pag-aaral patungkol sa Media and Information Literacy. 

Sa katunayan, ngayong Nobyembre, mayroon muling webinar series ang MovePH na may pamagat na “Digital Media, Technology and Society” na gaganapin t’wing Sabado. Kayá naman mag-register na!

Itama ang proseso sa pagtatama ng maling impormasyon

Natutunan ko rin sa fact-checking mentorship program na hindi pala basta-basta na isinasagawa ang pagtatama ng mga maling impormasyon.

Hindi lang pala ito simpleng paglalahad ng katotohanan, sinasamahan ito ng pagiging mabusisi at maingat.

Isa sa mga halimbawa nito ay ang hindi na dapat nating pagshe-share ng isang fake news na pina-fact check natin, dahil mas mataas ang posibilidad na dumiretso ang ating mga kaibigan at pamilya sa mismong post o link at ikalat pa rin ito.

Sa una pa lang, mahalagang masiguro natin na hindi na maipakalat pa ang maling impormasyon habang tinatama natin ito.

Ihanda ang lakas ng loob sa pag-atake ng trolls

Magpa-factcheck ka na lang ang bobo mo pa.”

You’re also a cheap journalist wanna be. shame on you… what do you expect from CAVSU?

Ilan lamang ‘yan sa mga mensahe na aking natanggap mula sa mga bigla-biglang nagsulputang Facebook account na nag-iwan ng komento sa aking wall. Ito ay matapos kong maisulat ang isang fact check article patungkol sa Bangui Windmills.

Mapalad ako dahil maalaga ang team ng Rappler — sanay at handa sila sa mga ganitong sitwasyon.

Tatlong hakbang lamang ang sinusundan ko sa t’wing makatatanggap ng mga nasabing hate messages: ilista o i-screenshot ang kanilang pangalan, i-report, at i-block. 

Hindi dapat nating ginugugol ang ating oras at panahon sa trolls dahil trabaho nila mismo na galitin o pukawin ang ating emosyon. Kapag nagpadala tayo rito, magtatagumpay sila.

Ngunit sa ilang pagkakataon, maaari rin naman tayong sumagot sa trolls. Siguraduhin lang na mahinahon at malinaw ang ating pagpapaliwanag, hindi lang para sa kanila, kundi para rin sa ibang users na makababasa ng komento.

Ginagawa natin ito upang ating maitama ang naratibo na kanilang ipinapakat, dahil nagiging sobrang mapanganib ang isang kasinungalingan kapag pinaulit-ulit ito nang hindi tinatama.

Sa huli, ang pagtindig laban sa mga kumakalat na maling impormasyon at trolls ay hindi lamang dapat natin iniaasa sa news media oufits na nagsasagawa ng fact-checking. May papel na gingampanan dito ang bawat mamamayan.

Nakasalalay rito ang ating demokrasya kaya marapat lamang din na harapin natin ang isyung ito nang kolektibo at magkakasama. 

Maging kritikal sa pag-iisip, komunsulta sa mga mapagkakatiwalaang eksperto o institusyon, at palaging isipin ang maaaring kahinatnan ng ating mga desisyon— mapa offline man o online. Naniniwala ako na hangga’t may pumapanig sa katotohanan, magagawa nating maisalba ang kinabukasan ng ating bayan. – Rappler.com

Si Mark Vincent Tolibao ay isang volunteer ng fact-checking mentorship program ng Rappler at kasalukuyang kumukuha ng BA Journalism sa Cavite State University.

#CourageON: Pushing back against disinformation

0
0

What can we do to push back against disinformation?

With the 2022 Philippine elections coming up and the pandemic still around, the spread of disinformation reinforces hate and polarization online, creates distrust against institutions, and makes it difficult for people to discern what’s truthful and authentic. Social media trolls have also made it harder for people to have meaningful conversations and political discourse.

Disinformation, especially the kind that leads to harm, has also hampered journalists and activists, to continue the work that they do.

Because of these, the effects of online disinformation have spurred both local and global groups to collaborate around initiatives on media and information literacy and efforts aimed at cultivating a culture of fact-checking on social media.

As disinformation continues to bring real-life harm to people, what can we do to protect ourselves from abuse and manipulation online? How exactly does disinformation affect communities? How can the public take part in these initiatives?

We tackle these and more in the eighth episode of the “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show through panel discussions with journalists, human rights advocates, civil society groups and the academe. We’ll also hear from representatives of local and global groups staging efforts to counter disinformation in their spheres of influence.

The community show, organized by Rappler’s civic engagement arm MovePH in partnership with Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, aims to put the spotlight on pressing issues in the Philippines and the ways we can take collective action on them. 

The episode titled “#CourageON: Pushing back against disinformation” goes live on Saturday, November 13 at 4 pm. Participants can join the live session on Zoom by registering here:

The show features two segments:

SEGMENT ONE: How disinformation, organized attacks impact communities
SEGMENT TWO: What some local and global groups are doing to fight disinformation

This will be hosted by Rappler’s community lead Jules Guiang and Rappler’s membership lead Happy Feraren.

Check out the other episodes of the “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show here:

– Rappler.com

Advocates urge more IP representation in national institutions, policy-making

0
0

How can we better support indigenous communities amid the threats they face? Indigenous women and indigenous peoples (IP) rights advocates said one way is to provide more spaces for their voices to be heard in national institutions and policy-making

They said this during the seventh episode of MovePH’s “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show.

There are over 17 million indigenous peoples in the Philippines as of 2020, according to data from the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP). Despite being protected by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA), they continue to face threats and harassment, with others being displaced due to development projects in their ancestral lands.

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, former United Nations special rapporteur on indigenous peoples rights, and LILAK overall coordinator Judy Pasimio said that NCIP and IPRA are not enough to protect IP.

Ang tingin ng gobyerno sa mga katutubo who [have] been protecting our resources and our environment, ay sagka sa progress; istorbo. Kaya iba talaga ang pagtingin nila sa mga katutubo – ‘pag nag-pu-push sila at nag-a-assert ng kanilang karapatan sa kanilang mga lupaing ninuno, pinapatay at karahasan ang tugon, [o kaya naman] pinapalikas ang mga katutubo,” Pasimio said. 

(The government looks at indigenous people, who have been protecting our resources and our environment, as an obstacle to progress; a hindrance. So they really look at the indigenous people differently – when they push and assert their rights to their ancestral lands, the response is murder and violence, [or] indigenous people are displaced.)

They also pointed out that it doesn’t help that NCIP chairperson Allen Capuyan is also the executive director of the National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict (NTF-ELCAC) that had been red-tagging journalists, progressives, and indigenous peoples without evidence. (READ: New war: How the propaganda network shifted from targeting ‘addicts’ to activists)

Pasimio said that Capuyan’s involvement in the task force is reflected in the NCIP’s priorities.

So kung sa tanong na nagawa ba ang mandato ng NCIP [ang sagot] ay hindi kasi napakalaki pa ang parte ng mga ancestral domain ang hindi pa nare-recognize at nade-delineate, which is the mandate of NCIP,” Pasimio said.

(On the question if the NCIP did its mandate, the answer is no because a huge chunk of ancestral domain have yet to be recognized and delineated, which is supposed to be their mandate.)

With lives at stake, these false accusations could end up with killings of indigenous peoples, similar to what happened in the massacre and arrest of members belonging to the Tumandok community in Panay Island.

Impacts on communities

According to T’boli Manobo S’daf Claimants Organization Youth member Jesmarie Dinyan, many are struggling to keep their culture and people alive in their ancestral lands because of the little protection offered to their communities.

She especially cited the Tamasco massacre and its long-lasting effects on her community. In the Tamasco massacre, indigenous leader Datu Victor and seven others were killed in December 2017 after months of protesting the expansion of a coffee plantation in their ancestral lands. Global Witness reported that the military perpetrated the killings, but the military later claimed that the eight were caught in a crossfire between the military and the New People’s Army (NPA). 

Naapektuhan kami sa nakikita namin kung paano naghihirap ang mga [Lumad] lider na naghahanap ng hustisya araw-araw sa kung ano mang pwede naming gawin sa aming lupang ninuno. Habang pinapatagal nang pinapatagal ‘yung proseso [ng imbestigasyon], nauubos at nauubos kaming mga indigenous people dito,” Dinyan said. 

(We get affected as we see how Lumad leaders suffer every day in seeking justice in our ancestral land. As the process of the investigation drags on, the number of indigenous people keep pn dwindling.)

Pasimio pointed out that these land conflicts occur because of supposed opposing views of indigenous peoples and the government on the issue of development. She said that for indigenous peoples, development only happens when a community continues to preserve their ancestral lands for the sake of future generations. Pasimio said the government perception is that land is a source of profit despite irreversible consequences to the environment.

“’Yung kultura ng mga Lumad ay nakaangkla sa lupa, at ang lupa ay buhay. So kapag nawala [ang] lupa, mawawala [ang] kultura. At kapag nawala [ang] kultura, ano [na ang magiging] identity ng mga Pilipino?” Lumad Bakwit School volunteer teacher Rose Hayahay said.

(The Lumad’s culture is rooted to the land, and land is life. If the land is gone, our culture is also gone. And if we don’t have our culture, what will be the Filipinos’ identity?)

Forward IP representation

Indigenous women and indigenous peoples rights advocates emphasized during the #CourageON community show the need to appoint leaders who would help gain recognition of their rights in government, institutions, and policy-making circles. 

Dinyan said IP representation should also start within their communities, with women and youth like her given avenues to voice out their concerns on pressing issues happening within their groups.

Parati kong naririnig na lalaking matatanda ang palaging leader ng isang komunidad. So kami na mga kabataang kababaihan, pina-practice na rin po namin na mamuno sa aming komunidad at ‘yun po ‘yung isang matinding responsibidad na ginagawa ko ngayon,” Dinyan added.

(I have always heard that older men are always the leader of a community. So we young women, we are also practicing to lead our community and that is a great responsibility that I am doing now.)

Corpuz suggested that IP representation can also be a collective endeavor, through utilizing social media platforms to provide spaces for IPs to tackle human rights violations as well as their position on issues in relation to the 2022 elections. 

To further address their concerns in larger institutions, Pasimio suggested an appropriate representative in government who can help them come up with sustainable platforms that would forward IP communities’ demand for necessary services and resources in political decision-making arenas. 

Breaking their [indigenous people] isolation also means putting them forward. It’s good that they are represented, but it is [better] that they themselves are present in these spaces. We let them speak, we let them articulate what are the current issues, especially this coming elections,” Pasimio said in a mix of Filipino and English.

In celebration of the National Indigenous Peoples Month in the Philippines, the #CourageON community show gathered indigenous women and advocates to discuss how we can help address the unique challenges faced by Lumad communities. The show is organized by Rappler’s civic engagement arm MovePH in partnership with Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom and LILAK (Purple Action for Indigenous Women’s Rights. – Rappler.com

Waya Lao is a Rappler intern from the University of the Philippines Diliman. She is a senior taking up a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philippine Studies majoring in Creative Writing and Anthropology.

#HoldTheLine: Campaign to fight for truth amid disinfo, attacks on press

0
0

We’re in a battle for truth.

The technology and algorithms that govern our online world not only allow disinformation to thrive but have also made it possible for dictators, autocrats, and those with immense power and machinery to create false claims and alternate realities online. 

Why does this matter? Nobel Peace Prize laureate Maria Ressa described our current online landscape best: “Without facts, you can’t have truth. Without truth, you can’t have trust. Without trust, we have no shared reality, and it becomes impossible to deal with our world’s existential problems: the coronavirus, climate, the atom bomb that exploded in our information ecosystem when journalists lost gatekeeping powers to technology companies.”

False propaganda on social media that red-tags advocates and other progressives has also made them vulnerable to harassment and killings. And for many Filipinos, attacks on journalists and the spread of disinformation will even make it tougher for them to engage in meaningful conversations and access verified information.

#HoldTheLine campaign

We at MovePH, Rappler’s civic engagement arm, believe that fighting disinformation is no longer just a job for journalists. All of us have a role to play in this battle for truth. All of us can #HoldTheLine.

In early October, Rappler CEO Maria Ressa and Russian journalist Dmitry Muratov were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.”

While it is a valuable recognition of journalism’s role in today’s world, a lot of work needs to be done. The recognition, while important, does not erase the fact that disinformation persists, journalists around the world are threatened, detained, or even killed, and people with power to change things remain unaccountable for their inaction. 

MovePH is running a month-long campaign, starting Wednesday, November 10, to Friday, December 10, to celebrate press freedom and highlight everyone’s role in our collective battle for truth.

Here are some events and activities organized by Rappler and partners of MovePH. Check these out and learn how you can help #HoldTheLine with us:

– Rappler.com

*Events are invite-only


#CourageON: Irehistro sa balota na #AtinAngPilipinas

0
0

Marami ang nakasalalay sa parating na halalan: ang kinabukasan lalong lalo na para sa susunod na henerasyon, ang ating karapatang pantao, ang ating soberanya, at ang kabuhayan ng mga kababayan natin na naghihirap, lalo na sa gitna ng pandemya.

Dapat hindi makalimutan na nasa Pilipino nakasalalay ang klase ng pagbabago at kinabukasan na gusto nila para sa bansa. Ito ba ay isang Pilipinas kung saan patuloy ang korapsyon at pananakot sa sarili nating kababayan o isang bansa na pinahahalagahan ang mabuting pamamahala?

Ngayon na palapit na ang halalan, importanteng iisipin kung sino sa mga kandidato natin ang makakatugon sa mga pangangailangan natin.

Sa ikasiyam na episode ng “#CourageON: Tumindig, Makialam, Kumilos,” tatalakayin natin, kasama ang mga eksperto at mga advocates, kung ano ang nakakaiba sa parating na halalan, ano ang dapat nating antabayanan, at ano-ano ang kailangan nating tandaan sa pagpili ng isang kandidato.

Ang community show na ito ay inorganisa ng MovePH kasama ang Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Ang layunin ng show na ito ay bigyang pansin ang mga iba’t-ibang isyu sa Pilipinas at ang mga paraan na maari nating gawin para sama-sama nating aksyunan ito.

Ilulunsad rin sa episode na ito ang #AtinAngPilipinas people’s agenda na ginawa ng #PHVote at #CourageON: No lockdown on Rights coalitions.

Ang episode na pinamagatang “#CourageON: Irehistro sa balota na #AtinAngPilipinas” ay magpe-premiere sa Sabado, Nobyembre 27, 4 pm. Maaring magrehistro dito para makasali sa live session sa Zoom:

May dalawang segment ang episode na ito:

Segment one: Ano ang nakakaiba sa 2022 halalan?
Segment two: Paano irehistro sa balota na #AtinAngPilipinas

Ito ay iho-host ng community lead ng Rappler na si Jules Guiang at ng membership lead ng Rappler na si Happy Feraren.

Tingnan ang iba pang mga episode ng “#CourageON: Tumidig, Makialam, Kumilos” community show dito:

– Rappler.com

Advocates emphasize need to make fight vs disinformation more relatable

0
0

Do you know how disinformation affects you?

Many have yet to care enough or know about the harms of the spread of false information on social media, according to fact-checking and human rights advocates during the eighth episode of MovePH’s “#CourageON: Tumindig, makialam, kumilos” community show.

The advocates said that there’s a need to make the fight against disinformation more relatable so people are moved to fight it in their own little ways.

Karapatan secretary-general Cristina Palabay pointed out how the negative impact of disinformation can go beyond cyberspace.

Rappler’s research team, for instance, found that the government’s coordinated online propaganda network has focused its attention on red-tagging activists, lumping them with terrorists and accusing them of being front organizations of communist rebels. Palabay said that aside from online attacks, Karapatan members also experienced surveillance and other forms of harassment. 

Michelle Abad, a researcher-writer at Rappler, also shared how disinformation can hamper the work of journalists. She cited one instance where she chatted an overseas Filipino worker to ask for an interview about their experience with voting registration. This chat exchange was then manipulated to make it seem like she had been campaigning for Vice President Leni Robredo.

“It’s very scary, especially now that we’re working remotely. Puwedeng ganito na you’re just doing your job, you’re just chatting somebody, and puwede ka na ma-involve agad sa disinformation (It can be like this where you’re just doing your job and you can be involved in disinformation),” Abad said.

It’s not just activists or journalists that are facing the brunt of disinformation, but also ordinary citizens.

Owenh Toledo, a graduate of Rappler’s fact-checking mentorship program and a fact-check contributor at Rappler, was also a victim of disinformation.

“If you remember the start of COVID-19, when the claim about banana can cure COVID-19 circulated, I shared that post with my family and friends. And later, I found out it was false…. Because of that incident, I started joining fact-checking webinars…. After attending at least five sessions, I asked myself ‘What’s next?’ and then I realized I need to do more since I also fell victim to disinformation,” Toledo said in a mix of Filipino and English.

Given the outpouring of disinformation on social media, Toledo said that fact-checking is a “must-learn skill if you are a digital citizen.”

But how do you make more people care about fact-checking?

Delving into different languages, formats

During the community show, Abad raised the need to emphasize how disinformation is not an “abstract concept” but “something that affects us all.”

Fact-checking advocates said that there’s more that can be done to make media literacy and fact-checking appealing and relatable to more people such as delving into different formats and writing more fact-check pieces in local languages.

“Misinformation really sometimes can be very creative. And that’s why it’s shared so often by people. The format that is used, the language that is used is sometimes one that appeals to a lot of people. Similarly, verified content  also needs to be in formats and languages that are more shareable, more popular that can be accessed by people across different regions, people speaking different languages,” said Shalini Joshi, Meedan Asia Pacific program director.

As many are busy and preoccupied with trying to survive during the pandemic, Foundation for Media Alternatives (FMA) program coordinator Bernice Soriano shared they’ve focused their efforts on creating content that can offer quick tips and learnings.

FMA, for instance, had commissioned artists to create comic strips tackling media information literacy. One of them illustrated a story where a friend was caught seemingly engaged in sharing false information online and how their peers dealt with the situation.

“We’ve been receiving comments also that people have learned from it, they resonate with it, they share it, and that’s also already a good thing because it’s something we’ve been able to successfully teach about something as hard or as big a topic as disinformation and other related themes to that,” Soriano said.

Aside from using creative formats, Joshi emphasized that it’s also important to provide fact-checked content in local languages. This also showcases how important it is for more people, especially those in the provinces, to throw their hat in providing and sharing verified information in their local languages.

“Language continues to be a barrier while fact-checking because sometimes when we are addressing misinformation, sometimes it’s mostly in languages that are spoken by majority people or the more mainstream languages. But there are so many other local languages, and we see misinformation appearing in those languages as well. So being able to address misinformation across different languages and dialects is really important,” Joshi said.

Responding to this challenge, news organizations and civil society groups have been collaborating to add “more voices from the community that can access the work that fact-checkers are doing,” Joshi added.

As a fact-checking contributor based in the provinces, Toledo has also experienced the difficulty of translating and fact-check false claims written in other local languages and dialects. Add to that how not all data and information is readily available or searchable in the provinces, which makes it hard to debunk false information.

Access is also another barrier that fact-checkers and fact-checking advocates will have to deal with to make avenues to be more media literate  accessible and relatable to people in faraway communities.

“I think there’s more that we have to do when it comes to reaching the grassroots because that is a challenge. You can’t make this individual sit and listen to fact-checking methods. We are devising creative ways on how to reach out to them,” said Leslie Manalo, an instructor at the Holy Angel University.

It’s a long, long process

While there are strides to explore more creative formats and present them in local languages, fact-checking advocates said the change will not happen overnight.

Joshi said that social media platforms, for instance, have to fill a huge gap in slowing down the spread of disinformation.

Aside from platforms and other initiatives, people also have a huge role to play in stopping disinformation in their own spheres of influence.

Every time makakuha tayo ng mga friends natin na nag she-share ng false information, siguro lawakan natin ang ating pag-unawa at habaan ang ating pasensya sa kanila kasi dahil hindi rin naman talaga natin mababago yung paniniwala nila agad-agad sa isang upuan o isang webinar,” Toledo said.

(Every time we catch friends who share false information, let’s be compassionate and patient because we cannot expect their beliefs to change immediately because of one encounter or webinar.)

“It’s a long, long, long process but I believe if you care for them, you would always want the best for them,” Toledo added.

Premiered on November 13, the eighth episode of the #CourageON community show gathered journalists, human rights activists, and fact-checking advocates to discuss how people can help push back against disinformation, especially with the nearing 2022 Philippine elections.

The show is organized by Rappler’s civic engagement arm MovePH in partnership with Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. It is co-presented by Likha Pahinarya, Rizalian Psychological Society, and The Louisian Courier. – Rappler.com





Latest Images